History is the study about the past and this plays an essential part in preparing us all for living and working in an ever changing and diverse world. History gives people a sense of belonging to something bigger, it gives us each an identity, and allows us to understand social, cultural, political, and economic relationships throughout the past and into present day.
At Lincoln Gardens Primary School, we aim to inspire children to be curious and encourage them to ask questions to help with their understanding of History throughout the different eras. We aim to provide children with a diverse curriculum allowing them to work both independently and collaboratively. We aim to provide opportunities for children to develop their critical thinking skills and allow them to discuss a variety of viewpoints about how society has changed over time and how this has helped shape our diverse, modern day society. During History, children will learn about famous historical figures and events who have made significant changes, explore what changes have occurred through time and will be encouraged to make links throughout from past to present day using a variety of resources to support them.
At Lincoln Gardens Primary School we recognise the importance of the History curriculum. We aim to ensure that all children are:
- encouraged to develop their skills of enquiry, investigation, analysis, evaluation and presentation.
- encouraged to develop research skills and opportunities to convey understanding and interpretations of the past in a variety of ways.
- encouraged to develop a sense of chronology.
- provided with the knowledge and understanding of historical development in the wider world.
- supported in understanding why events took place, the causes and effects they have had on people and the world around us.
- encouraged to develop a sense of identity of their cultural heritage.
History in Key stage 1
Pupils should be taught about:
- changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life
- events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London, the first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals or anniversaries]
- the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. Some should be used to compare aspects of life in different periods [for example, Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria, Christopher Columbus and Neil Armstrong, William Caxton and Tim Berners-Lee, Pieter Bruegel the Elder and LS Lowry, Rosa Parks and Emily Davison, Mary Seacole and/or Florence Nightingale and Edith Cavell]
- significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.
History in Key stage 2
Pupils should be taught about:
- changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age
- the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain
- Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots
- the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor
- a local history study
- a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066
- the achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following: Ancient Sumer; The Indus Valley; Ancient Egypt; The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world and a non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300.